The design of mechanisms and plants requires an in-depth study of kinematics to ensure the proper functioning and safety of machinery. Kinematics is of fundamental importance in functional design as it helps to predict the movements of mechanisms and to avoid collisions and damage.

During the mechanical design phase, the designer defines the shape of the mechanism’s components so that they can perform the trajectory required by the operating requirements. This step is crucial to ensure the precision and reliability of the machinery or plant.

The designer also determines the force and energy required to move each element along the required path, in order to choose the most suitable type of material and the mass to be added. The ultimate goal is to create an optimal structure for the fulfillment of a given purpose in a precise and reliable manner.

To summarise, the study of kinematics in the design of mechanisms and plants is a crucial step in ensuring maximum efficiency and reliability of the machinery or plant. Functional design is essential to define the shape of the components and predict the movements of the mechanisms, avoiding collisions and damage.